The prevalence and risk factors for childhood burn-related physical impairments and disabilities in Ghana were determinated with data from mothers of burned children.
Of 650 identified burns, 113 (17.4%) resuleted in physical impairments ; 5 (1%) resulted in physical desabilities.
After multivariate adjustment, the odds of developing burn-related physical impairments were increased by burns with protacted healing (odds ratio [OR]=5 ; 80), burns to the head/neck (OR+3.44), burns involving skin removal (OR=3.04), and wound infection (OR=2.03) and decreased by first aid (OR=0.51) and maternal education (OR=0.54).
Educationon the proper care of burns may prevent burn-related physical impairments.
The results also underscore the link between maternal education and child morbidity.
Mots-clés Pascal : Déficit fonctionnel, Brûlure, Enfant, Homme, Nourrisson, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Incidence, Facteur risque, Ghana, Afrique, Traumatisme, Incapacité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Functional deficit, Burn, Child, Human, Infant, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Incidence, Risk factor, Ghana, Africa, Trauma
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0274567
Code Inist : 002B16J. Création : 199608.