Men have higher drowning rates than women for most age groups.
Data from a 1991 national household suvey (n=3042) en aquatic activities were used to examine hypotheses about diffential drowning rates by sex.
Men and women were compared by (1) exposure to aquatic environments ; (2) frequency of aquatic activities involving, or potentially involving, submersion ; (3) swimming training and ability ; aquatic risk-taking behaviors ; and (5) alcohol use on or near the water.
Men had elevated risk for exposure, risk taking, and alcohol use.
It was concluded that several factors contribute to their relatively high drowning rates, including a possible interaction between overestimation of abilities and heavy alcohol use.
Mots-clés Pascal : Noyade, Epidémiologie, Sexe, Facteur risque, Prise risque, Natation, Aptitude physique, Consommation, Ethanol, Activité, Milieu aquatique, Immersion, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drowning, Epidemiology, Sex, Risk factor, Risk taking, Swimming(sport), Physical fitness, Consumption, Ethanol, Activity, Aquatic environment, Immersion, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0274017
Code Inist : 002B27B08. Création : 199608.