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  1. Fulltext. Differences in the misreporting of chronic conditions, by level of education : The effect on inequalities in prevalence rates.

    Article - En anglais



    Many studies of socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of chronic conditions rely on self-reports.

    For chronic nonspecific lung disease, heart disease, and diabetes mellitus, we studied the effects of misreporting on variations in prevalence rates by respondent's level of education.


    In 1991, a health interview survey was conducted in the southeastern Netherlands with 2867 respondents.

    Respondents'answers were compared with validated diagnostic questionnaires in the same survey and the diagnoses given by the respondents'general practitioners.


    Misreporting of chronic lung disease, heart disease, and diabetes may be extensive.

    Depending on the condition and the reference data used, the confirmation fractions ranged between. 61 and. 96 and the detection fractions between. 13 and. 93.

    Misreporting varied by level of education, and although various patterns were observed, the dominant pattern was that of more underreporting among less educated persons.

    The effects on prevalence rates were to underestimate differences by level of education to a sometimes considerable degree.


    Misreporting of chronic conditions differs by respondents'level of education.

    Health interview survey data unterestimate socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of chronic conditions.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Cardiopathie, Diabète, Chronique, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Autoévaluation, Erreur estimation, Niveau étude, Statut socioéconomique, Homme, Pays Bas, Europe, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Endocrinopathie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Respiratory disease, Heart disease, Diabetes mellitus, Chronic, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Self evaluation, Estimation error, Education level, Socioeconomic status, Human, Netherlands, Europe, Cardiovascular disease, Endocrinopathy

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0273302

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199608.