We sought to determine the extent of exposure to violence and its relationship to other mental health risks among an urban teenage population.
Students attending regularly scheduled physical education classes completed a Violence Survey, a Suicidal Ideation Survey, the Depression Self-Rating Scale (DSRS), and the Adolescent Alcohol Involvement Scale.
Of the 630 students who completed the anonymous assessment 45% were male, 55% female, 61% black, 30% Hispanic ; 54% grades 9-10, and 46% grades 11-12.
Half of the students reported knowing someone who had been murdered, 61% indicated they had witnessed a robbery, 59% had witnessed a beating, 37% had witnessed a shooting, and 31% had witnessed a stabbing.
Mental health problems reported by these students included : depression (DSRS score>13) in 31%, suicidal ideation in 16%, suicide attempts in 10%, drinking>1 X per month in 21%, and drinking daily in 5%. Univariate analysis revealed that students who witnessed a shooting or stabbing were more likely (p<. 05) to be both male and black.
Multivariate analysis revealed that students reporting knowing someone who was murdered were twice as likely to report suicidal ideation and four times as likely to report suicide attempts.
Witnessing a stabbing was associated with twice the likelihood of reporting suicide ideation and three times the likelihood of reporting suicide attempts.
Witnessing a shooting was associated with twice the likeli...
Mots-clés Pascal : Adolescent, Homme, Lycée, Milieu urbain, Environnement social, Violence, Démographie, Sexe, Ethnie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Adolescent, Human, Grammar school, Urban environment, Social environment, Violence, Demography, Sex, Ethnic group, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0272035
Code Inist : 002B18H03. Création : 199608.