The study's objective was to determine the prevalence of abnormalities in weight, eating attitudes, and eating behaviors among an urban teenage population.
Measures of weight, height, and blood pressure were obtained from 1,001 students attending regularly scheduled physical education classes in a New York City high school the population of which was 66% black and 23% Hispanic.
The mean age was 16 years old ; 55% were female and 45% were male.
Approximately three quarters of the students completed the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Spielberger Trait Anxiety Inventory, and a questionnaire on eating behaviors.
By percent ideal body weight (% IBW), 25% of students were obese (>20% above IBW), 18% were overweight, and 5% were underweight.
Abnormal EAT scores (>21), were found in 6% of males and 15% of females.
Students reported that they had engaged in the following nutritional behaviors at least three times in the past week : eating candy (59%), skipping breakfast (58%), skipping lunch (42%), eating fast foods (28%), and skipping dinner (14%). Self-esteem was high in 60%, medium in 21%, and low in 19%. Mean self-esteem was significantly higher (P<. 0001) than established norms.
Self-esteem and anxiety were inversely correlated (r=40, P<. 001), and low self-esteem and high anxiety were both associated with high EAT scores (r=29, P<. 001).
Self-esteem and anxiety of obese students did not differ from t...
Mots-clés Pascal : Adolescent, Homme, Obésité, Trouble comportement alimentaire, Estime soi, Angoisse anxiété, Poids corporel, Attitude, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Adolescent, Human, Obesity, Eating disorder, Self esteem, Anxiety, Body weight, Attitude, Prevalence, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0272034
Code Inist : 002B18C01C. Création : 199608.