Examination of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) measurements at rest and during exercise in samples of USA and Russian middle-aged men and women show significant differences between countries for both genders.
Russian men had higher resting systolic blood pressure (SBP) than USA men but lower SBP at both stages of exercise.
Russian women had significantly higher resting SBP than USA women at rest and also during exercise.
Russian men and women had significantly lower HR at rest and during exercise than USA men and women.
Differences between countries were also noted for mean body weight, height, lipid levels, percentages of smokers and several other variables, and it was postulated that differences in these factors might be responsible in part for differences in SBP and HR during exercise.
After adjustment for these variables, differences in SBP during exercise between USA and Russian men remained, but differences between USA and Russian women disappeared.
For both genders, differences in HR during exercise remained after adjustment.
Mortality analyses in USA and Russian men indicated that stage 2 SBP response during exercise was generally not a significant mortality risk factor after adjustment for age, BMI, TC, smoking and resting SBP.
In a similar model, stage 2 HR response during exercise was also a non-significant risk factor in mortality.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epreuve effort, Pression artérielle, Rythme cardiaque, Repos, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Résultat, Enquête, Homme, Russie, Eurasie, Appareil circulatoire, Exercice physique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Exercise tolerance test, Arterial pressure, Heart rate, Rest, United States, North America, America, Result, Inquiry, Human, Russia, Eurasia, Circulatory system, Physical exercise
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0271593
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 199608.