The lifetime rate of suicide attempts among subjects in the Epidemiologic Catchment Area database with bipolar disorder, unipolar disorder, and any other DSM-III-defined Axis I disorder were determined.
The latter constituted a control or reference group.
The lifetime rates of suicide attempts of persons in these diagnostic groups were 29.2%, 15.9%, and 4.2%, respectively.
Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the odds ratio of subjects within a diagnostic group having a history of a suicide attempt relative to subjects in a second group.
The odds ratio of subjects with bipolar disorder having a history ofa suicide attempt relative to subjects in the control group was 6.2 (df=1, khi2=5347.2, p<. 0001).
The odds ratio of subjects with unipolar disorder having a history of a suicide attempt relative to subjects in the control group was 3.1 (df=1, khi2=4785.2, p<. 0001).
The odds ratio of subjects with bipolar disorder having a history of a suicide attempt relative to unipolar subjects was 2.0 (df=1, khi2=697.9, p<. 0001).
Bipolar disorder has a strong relationship to a history of suicide attempts relative to unipolar disorder and other Axis I disorders.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble bipolaire, Etude comparative, Etat dépressif, Trouble humeur, Association morbide, Tentative suicide, Enquête, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Bipolar disorder, Comparative study, Depression, Mood disorder, Concomitant disease, Suicide attempt, Inquiry, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0265866
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 199608.