Regular physical activity is recommended for health maintenance in adolescence, but basic descriptive epidemiological data are lacking for this age group.
The present study examined socioeconomic status (SES), ethnic, and sex differences in physical activity in a multiethnic sample of 1871 high school students in San Diego, California.
Surveys were completed in required classes by a diverse sample of students from a low-income school district and by Anglo students from a nearby more affluent district.
Boys reported more vigorous exercise outside of school and during school physical education, as well as more participation in sports teams, but girls reported taking more activity-related lessons and classes.
High-SES students had more frequent physical education classes, spent more time in vigorous exercise in those classes, and participaled in more activity lessons outside of school.
There were few ethnic differences on summary physical activity or physical education variables.
There were no SES differences, but there were ethnic differences on 5 of 22 specific activities.
Demographic differences in 25 psychological, social, and environmental variables that may influence physical activity were also examined.
Differences between boys and girls were found on several variables, which may explain some of the boys'higher activity levels.
Ethnic and/or SES differences were found in 10 of 25 potential correlates of physical activity.
These data may be used to iden...
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Exercice physique, Adolescent, Statut socioéconomique, Ethnie, Sexe, Education physique, Milieu scolaire, Loisir, Promotion santé, Californie, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Physical exercise, Adolescent, Socioeconomic status, Ethnic group, Sex, Physical education, School environment, Leisure, Health promotion, California, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0264504
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 199608.