Adolescents, young adults and AIDS : A study of actual knowledge vs. perceived need for additional information.
Adolescents and young adults today are increasingly knowledgeable about AIDS and HIV transmission.
However, in several studies substantial confusion is observed especially concerning how HIV is not transmitted and the prophylaxis against AIDS.
Additional efforts to answer specific knowledge lacks are still useful.
There is, however, no evidence that the actual knowledge level influences the interest in additional information.
The aim of this study was to obtain a detailed investigation of the AIDS-and HIV-related knowledge level and the perceived need for additional information and to assess the (absence of an) association between both.
Results of factor analysis and canonical correlation analysis confirmed the hypothesized incongruence between actual knowledge and need for additional information.
Although respondents indicated that they had received sufficient information or that they were rather indifferent with regard to additional information, answers on knowledge questions showed important misconceptions.
Moreover, associations between a specific knowledge scale and a specific information need factor were weak and not significant.
The results contradict the importance of a detailed assessment of specific needs for additional information as an explanation for this incongruence and leave the possible role of an overestimation of one's own knowledge level.
Mots-clés Pascal : Adolescent, Adulte jeune, Connaissance, SIDA, Mode transmission, Source information, Croyance, Attitude, Hémopathie, Immunodéficit, Besoin information, Homme, Virose, Infection
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Adolescent, Young adult, Knowledge, AIDS, Transmission mode, Information source, Belief, Attitude, Hemopathy, Immune deficiency, Human, Viral disease, Infection
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0261861
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 199608.