Countermeasures for radiocesium in animal products in Norway after the Chernobyl accident : Techniques, effectiveness, and costs.
Nine years after the reactor accident in Chernobyl contamination by radiocesium is still a significant problem in sheep and reindeer production in Norway.
To reduce the impact of the accident, effective countermeasures had to be developed and implemented.
The levels of radiocesium in meat were reduced by a combination of countermeasures such as special feeding, use of cesium binders (bentonite and Prussian blue), and changing of slaughtering time.
The countermeasures were labor intensive and expensive.
Costs per averted dose per person-Sv were calculated to range from NOK 1,000 to 100,000 (7 NOK=$1 U.S.), with the use of cesium binders being the least expensive and condemnation of meat the most costly.
Dietary advice, which did not include any compensation costs, had a cost of NOK 40 per person-Sv.
Apart from the rejection of meat in 1986, countermeasures were deemed to be justified on a cost-benefit basis (less than NOK 600,000 per person-Sv).
Mots-clés Pascal : Radioactivité, Radiocontamination, Césium, Alimentation, Homme, Elevage, Agriculture, Dispositif protection, Norvège, Europe, Accident, Centrale nucléaire, Animal, Bilan financier, Tchernobyl
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Radioactivity, Radioactive contamination, Cesium, Feeding, Human, Rearing, Agriculture, Protective device, Norway, Europe, Accident, Nuclear power plant, Animal, Financial balance
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0260269
Code Inist : 002A08F03. Création : 199608.