Under laboratory conditions the effects of single-axis and multi-axis hand-arm vibration exposure on several strain parameters were tested in up to 20 male subjects.
As parameters of these acute effects, the biodynamic vibration behavior of the hand-arm system, the electrical activity of the most affected muscle groups, the skin temperature, the vibration sensitivity of the fingertips, and the subjective vibration sensation were measured.
When comparing simulated three-axis vibration exposure with single-axis vibration exposure, synergistic effects in the form of an increasing reaction could be found.
It could be proven that the vector sum of the frequency-weighted acceleration in the three axes represents the acute effects better than does the weighted acceleration in the main axis alone.
This summation has to take into account the relatively lower effects of vibration in the x-or y-direction compared with the z-direction.
On the basis of the experimental results a new proposal for frequency weighting of the three different axes and an energetic summation procedure are derived.
Application of this knowledge in the International Standard ISO 5349 is proposed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble dû aux vibrations, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Main, Bras, Biodynamique, Exploration, Homme, Matériel technique, Electrophysiologie, Perception sensorielle, Membre supérieur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vibration induced disorder, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Hand, Arm, Biodynamics, Exploration, Human, Technical equipment, Electrophysiology, Sensorial perception, Upper limb
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0257127
Code Inist : 002A08E. Création : 199608.