Whether parental drinking and smoking during pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of cancer in offspring is controversial.
There are some indications that maternal alcohol consumption is associated with an elevated risk of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) appearing in very young children.
Evidence for an association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and risk of leukemia in offspring has been inconsistent.
Using data from a Childrens Cancer Group case-control study, we evaluated relationships between infant leukemia risk and parental alcohol consumption and/or cigarette smoking during pregnancy or during the month prior to it.
Three hundred two leukemia cases (203 acute lymphoid leukemias [ALLs], 88 AMLs, and 11 other leukemia types) diagnosed in children at 18 months of age or younger and 558 individually matched, regional (i.e., same telephone area code and exchange number) controls were included in the analysis.
Information concerning parental alcohol consumption and smoking behavior during the index pregnancy and during the month prior to it was collected by telephone interviews with the mothers of all case and control subjects and the fathers of 250 case and 361 control subjects.
Odds ratios (ORs) were used to measure the risk of infant leukemia associated with parental smoking and drinking ; tests for trend were used to assess dose-response relationships.
The data were analyzed further after stratifying ...
Mots-clés Pascal : Leucémie myéloblastique, Leucémie lymphoblastique, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Nourrisson, Homme, Mère, Gestation, Ethanol, Consommation, Pathogénie, Tabagisme, Père, Aigu, Hémopathie maligne, Lymphoprolifératif syndrome
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Acute myelocytic leukemia, Acute lymphocytic leukemia, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Infant, Human, Mother, Pregnancy, Ethanol, Consumption, Pathogenesis, Tobacco smoking, Father, Acute, Malignant hemopathy, Lymphoproliferative syndrome
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0256979
Code Inist : 002B19B. Création : 199608.