Viral hepatitis and alcoholism prevail in four major Taiwanese aboriginal groups.
To study the relative importance of the acquisition of hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus infection and alcoholism to the presence of impaired liver function in these groups, the authors conducted a semistructured clinical interview for alcoholism and test for seromarkers for viral hepatitis among 993 cohort members enrolled in 1990-1992 in an ongoing prospective study (Taiwan Aboriginal Study Project).
The subjects'blood specimens were tested for serum alanine aminotransferase/aspartate aminotransferase levels and for the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen and anti-hepatitis C virus antibody.
The prevalence of a combination of an alanine aminotransferase level of>35 lU/liter and an aspartate aminotransferase level of>40 lU/liter, implying impaired liver function or advanced liver disease, was 4.3% overall.
Univariate and multiple logistic regression analysis showed that, rather than chronic hepatitis B virus infection, hepatitis C virus infection and alcoholism were the two dominant risk factors that signalled the risk of liver damage among these Taiwanese aborigines.
In addition, these two contributing factors were able to act synergistically to cause impaired liver function.
Mots-clés Pascal : Fonction hépatique, Epidémiologie, Alcoolisme, Toxicité, Homme, Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Hépatite virale C, Association, Facteur risque, Taiwan, Asie, Aspartate transaminase, Transaminases, Transferases, Enzyme, Alanine transaminase, Aborigène, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Liver function, Epidemiology, Alcoholism, Toxicity, Human, Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Viral hepatitis C, Association, Risk factor, Taiwan, Asia, Aspartate transaminase, Transaminases, Transferases, Enzyme, Alanine transaminase, Aboriginal, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0254313
Code Inist : 002B13C03. Création : 199608.