The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was assessed in the multiracial population of New Caledonia in the South Pacific with the use of a two-step procedure.
The first step included 9,390 subjects aged 30-59 years who were visited at home for screening with glucose strips.
All subjects who had a fasting capillary blood glucose value =110 mg/dl were invited to come to the health center for a more detailed examination.
In non-fasting subjects, a capillary blood glucose value of 140 mg/dl was chosen as the cut-off point for further examination.
A 2-hour glucose tolerance test was performed according to World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on 424 positive screenees as well as in a sample of 517 negative screenees.
In all, 219 previously known diabetic subjects were found ; among subjects classified as positive at the first step, 277 were detected as new cases of diabetes.
After correction to take into account false negative subjects, the age-adjusted prevalence rate of diabetes was estimated to be 8.9% overall ; Polynesians (15.3%) were found to be more at risk than Melanesians or Europeans (8.4% in the two other groups).
A higher prevalence of diabetes was found in Melanesians who lived in the urban area compared with Melanesians who lived in villages.
This finding confirms the deleterious effect of western life in this population subject to rapid modernization.
Mots-clés Pascal : Diabète non insulinodépendant, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Nouvelle Calédonie, Mélanésie, Océanie, Ethnie, Milieu urbain, Milieu rural, Homme, Endocrinopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Non insulin dependent diabetes, Epidemiology, Prevalence, New Caledonia, Melanesia, Oceania, Ethnic group, Urban environment, Rural environment, Human, Endocrinopathy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0254157
Code Inist : 002B21E01A. Création : 199608.