Traitement de substitution à la méthadone. Conférence de consensus - Substitutiebehandeling met methadon. Consensusconference. BEL ; BEL, 1994/10/08.
In New York City methadone maintenance treatment was expanded on a large scale during the years 1971 through 1973.
This expansion was associated with decreases in drug-related arrests, citizen complaints about property crimes, drug dependent deaths and serum hepatitis cases.
Likewise, decreases in the number of addicts incarcerated in Hong-Kong for drug related and other offenses were reported for the years 1976 through 1980 when large scale methadone treatment was implemented.
Methadone maintenance when prescribed in adequate doses has the potential to reduce transmission of HIV, eliminate the use of heroin, improve patients'health and increase their productivity.
Different types of programs should be implemented for different populations, such as private physicians with pharmacies for functional patients and clinics or vans with supportive services for patients with special needs.
Programs and patients'outcomes should be monitored to maintain standards within the treatment system.
Methadone maintenance allows patients to function within society as productive contributing individuals.
Mots-clés Pascal : Méthadone, Chimiothérapie, Traitement substitutif, Opiacés, Désintoxication, Sevrage toxique, Toxicomanie, Diamorphine, Programme sanitaire, Epidémiologie, Délinquance, Violence, Milieu urbain, Hépatite virale, Virose, Infection, New York, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Foie pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, SIDA, Mortalité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Chemotherapy, Replacement therapy, Opiates, Deintoxication, Poison withdrawal, Drug addiction, Heroin, Sanitary program, Epidemiology, Delinquency, Violence, Urban environment, Viral hepatitis, Viral disease, Infection, New York, United States, North America, America, Human, Hepatic disease, Digestive diseases, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, AIDS, Mortality
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0250808
Code Inist : 002B03D. Création : 199608.