Coronary disease risk factor reduction and behavior modification in minority adolescents : The PATH program.
To evaluate the impact of a unique school-based program of exercise, health education, and behavior modification on health knowledge, health behaviors, coronary risk factors, and cardiovascular fitness in minority adolescents.
A total of 346 students from an inner-city public high school participated in health promotion intervention or regular physical education volleyball classes.
Subjects were African-American (47%), Asian-American (9%), Hispanic (21%), white (3%), and other (19%). The health promotion curriculum consisted of 11 weeks of daily circuit training exercise and health lecture-discussions.
The groups were similar in age, height, weight, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status.
Following intervention, both boys (P<
001) and girls (P<. 006) significantly improved health knowledge test scores.
Significant benefits for girls included improved dietary habits (P<. 05), reduced cholesterol (P<. 004), and higher estimated Vo2max (P<. 0001).
There were no other significant changes in boys.
The results suggest that a school-based health promotion program of exercise and health lecture-discussion is beneficial for multiethnic, inner-city adolescents, especially females.
Mots-clés Pascal : Facteur risque, Promotion santé, Changement comportement, Education sanitaire, Exercice physique, Ethnie, Milieu culturel, Minorité, Environnement social, Adolescent, Homme, Cardiopathie coronaire, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Risk factor, Health promotion, Behavior change, Health education, Physical exercise, Ethnic group, Cultural environment, Minority, Social environment, Adolescent, Human, Coronary heart disease, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0249970
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 199608.