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  1. Coronary disease risk factor reduction and behavior modification in minority adolescents : The PATH program.

    Article - En anglais

    Purpose 

    To evaluate the impact of a unique school-based program of exercise, health education, and behavior modification on health knowledge, health behaviors, coronary risk factors, and cardiovascular fitness in minority adolescents.

    Methods 

    A total of 346 students from an inner-city public high school participated in health promotion intervention or regular physical education volleyball classes.

    Subjects were African-American (47%), Asian-American (9%), Hispanic (21%), white (3%), and other (19%). The health promotion curriculum consisted of 11 weeks of daily circuit training exercise and health lecture-discussions.

    Results 

    The groups were similar in age, height, weight, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status.

    Following intervention, both boys (P<

    001) and girls (P<. 006) significantly improved health knowledge test scores.

    Significant benefits for girls included improved dietary habits (P<. 05), reduced cholesterol (P<. 004), and higher estimated Vo2max (P<. 0001).

    There were no other significant changes in boys.

    Conclusions 

    The results suggest that a school-based health promotion program of exercise and health lecture-discussion is beneficial for multiethnic, inner-city adolescents, especially females.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Facteur risque, Promotion santé, Changement comportement, Education sanitaire, Exercice physique, Ethnie, Milieu culturel, Minorité, Environnement social, Adolescent, Homme, Cardiopathie coronaire, Appareil circulatoire pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Risk factor, Health promotion, Behavior change, Health education, Physical exercise, Ethnic group, Cultural environment, Minority, Social environment, Adolescent, Human, Coronary heart disease, Cardiovascular disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0249970

    Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 199608.