To perform their job safely firefighters must be able to identify colours on industrial gas cylinders, portable fire extinguishers, road traffic signals and several pieces of firefighting equipment.
Although good colour vision is necessary we believe that the existing colour vision standard, which bars entry to the fire service to applicants who fail more than two plates of the Ishihara test, is unnecessarily stringent.
We have identified and quantified the colour coded information encountered by firefighters.
Colours were plotted on the CIE chromaticity diagram (1931) and isochromatic zones, which document the colour confusions of colour deficient observers, superimposed.
This novel technique established possible colour confusions in different types of colour deficiency.
Analysis of the results showed that red/green dichromats (protanopes and deuteranopes), severe deuteranomalous trichromats who fail the Farnsworth D15 test, and protanomalous trichromats are unsuitable for firefighting work.
However, people with slight deuteranomalous trichromatism who pass the D15 test, are not disadvantaged and can be employed safely as firefighters.
A new colour vision standard and a new testing procedure is recommended.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pompier, Homme, Aptitude professionnelle, Vision couleur, Evaluation, Recrutement, Technique, Diagnostic, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Firefighter, Human, Vocational aptitude, Color vision, Evaluation, Recruitment, Technique, Diagnosis, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0248650
Code Inist : 002B29C01. Création : 199608.