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  1. Daily mortality and "winter type" air pollution in Athens, Greece : a time series analysis within the APHEA project.

    Article - En anglais

    Study objective

    There is evidence that air pollution in Athens between 1975 and 1987 had adverse short term health effects.

    The short term effects of « winter type » air pollution on the daily total number of deaths are investigated for the period 1987-91 as part of the European Community multi centre APHEA project.

    Design

    A temporal study using aggregated data is presented.

    The associations of the daily time series of three pollutants, sulphur dioxide (SO2), black smoke (BS), and carbon monoxide (CO) and the daily total number of deaths in the Athens area were assessed.

    Data and methods

    The average measurement from three stations was used for each pollutant.

    The daily number of deaths was recorded from the Athens Town Registry and the registries of the 18 municipalities contiguous to Athens.

    Data on the mean daily temperature (°C) and relative humidity (%) were also used.

    Poisson autoregressive models that also allowed for overdispersion were used.

    Seasonality, other long term patterns, temperature, humidity, day of the week, and holidays were adjusted for.

    Several a priori defined pollutant transformations and lags were investigated.

    One day measurements as well as cumulative exposure effects were assessed.

    Effect modification by season as well as among pollutants was tested.

    Main results

    Linear terms were used for all pollutants.

    The magnitude of the effect was greater at lags 0 for CO and 1 for BS and SO2 gradually declining after lag 1. For an i...

    Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution air, Toxicité, Court terme, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Homme, Série temporelle, Grèce, Europe, Santé et environnement, Milieu urbain

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Air pollution, Toxicity, Short term, Epidemiology, Mortality, Human, Time series, Greece, Europe, Health and environment, Urban environment

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0247777

    Code Inist : 002B03M02. Création : 199608.