A high consumption of fruit and vegetables reduces the risk of several types of cancer.
There is little information on the association between dietary intake and mesothelioma.
A hospital-based case-control study of 94 men and women with malignant mesothelioma and 64 control patients without cancer was conducted to determine the odds associated with consumption of carotenoid-containing fruits and vegetables.
After statistical adjustment for occupational asbestos exposure, the odds ratio was 0.2 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.1-0.8] for carrot consumption and 0.5 (95% CI 0.2-1.4) for tomato consumption.
However, the frequency of consuming other foods that have a high vitamin A or carotenoid content was not associated with a decreased risk of cancer.
These results provide some justification for the hypothesis that provitamin A or bêta-carotene may decrease the risk of mesothelioma.
The body mass index was unrelated to the risk of mesothelioma.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mésothéliome malin, Facteur risque, Régime alimentaire, Caroténoïde, Fruit, Légume, Poids corporel, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Tumeur maligne, Etude cas témoin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant mesothelioma, Risk factor, Diet, Carotenoid, Fruit, Vegetable, Body weight, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Human, Malignant tumor, Case control study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0245403
Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 199608.