Comparative body composition estimates for institutionalized and free-living elderly in metropolitan areas of the Republic of Guatemala.
Elderly populations from developing countries represent two-thirds of the whole world's elderly population ; however very little is known respect their health and nutritional status.
Guatemala has a population of almost 10 million inhabitants, and approximately 6% is composed of persons over 60 y. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the nutritional status and the body composition profile in a group of 234 Guatemalan elderly subjects ; and to document any differences between institutionalized (I) (n=174) and ambulatory free-living elderly subjects (FL) (n=60).
A total of 108 were male and 126 female.
The mean (± SD) ages of male and female were respectively, 78 ± 7 and 77 ± 8 y ; the I group tended to be older than to FL :
The mean (± SD) ages of male and female were respectively, 78 ± 7 and 77 ± 8 y ;
79 ± 8 vs 74 ± 8 y. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, mid-arm circumference and four skinfolds (triceps, biceps, subscapular and suprailiac) ;
these were complemented with bioelectrical impedance analysis indices : resistance and reactance.
The overall means (± SD) in terms of height, weight and BMI for males and females, respectively were 156.4 ± 8.0 and 144 ± 7 cm ; 54.5 ± 9.4 and 49.4 ± 10.6 kg ; and 22.2 ± 2.9 and 23.8 ± 4.3 kg/m2.
As it was expected males were taller and heavier compared to women.
After adjusting for age, sex and setting, I younger elderly were fattier than their counterparts (FL) ; however, older FL groups differed only in having more weight and greater mid-arm muscle area compare...
Mots-clés Pascal : Guatemala, Amérique Centrale, Amérique, Milieu urbain, A domicile, Etablissement troisième âge, Anthropométrie, Composition corporelle, Age, Surveillance sanitaire, Pays en développement, Vieillard, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Guatemala, Central America, America, Urban environment, At home, Homes for the aged, Anthropometry, Body composition, Age, Sanitary surveillance, Developing countries, Elderly, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0244790
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 199608.