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  1. Perceived health status and morbidity and mortality : Evidence from the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study.

    Article - En anglais

    Background

    Previous studies have reported an increased risk of death in those who report their health is poor, however the role of underlying and subclinical disease in this association has not been carefully studied.

    Methods

    The associations between perceived health status and mortality from all causes and cardiovascular disease, incidence of myocardial infarction, carotid atherosclerosis, forced expiratory volume, and maximal exercise capacity were studied in the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study, a population-based study of 2682 men, aged 42-60, in eastern Finland.

    Results

    There were strong, statistically significant, age-adjusted associations between level of perceived health and mortality from all causes (RHbad versus good=3.67), cardiovascular causes (RHbad versus good=6.64), and incidence of myocardial infarction (RHbad versus good=3.87).

    Perceived health levels were strongly associated with risk factors and disease indicators.

    The associations with mortality and myocardial infarction outcomes were considerably weakened with progressive adjustment for eight risk factors and prevalent disease.

    Higher levels of perceived health were associated with less carotid atherosclerosis, and greater forced expiratory volume and maximal exercise capacity.

    Associations between level of perceived health and these indicators were considerably stronger in those with prevalent diseases than in those who were healthy.

    Conclusions

    The overall pattern...

    Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Morbidité, Cardiopathie coronaire, Epidémiologie, Autoperception, Santé, Homme, Finlande, Europe, Appareil circulatoire pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Morbidity, Coronary heart disease, Epidemiology, Self perception, Health, Human, Finland, Europe, Cardiovascular disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0244442

    Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 199608.