A search for recall bias in a case-control study of diet and breast cancer.
In retrospective studies of dietary habits and breast cancer risk, recall bias is a concern since diet has been publicized as a cause of breast cancer.
In a case-control study of diet and breast cancer risk nested within a cohort of women screened with mammography, we contrasted answers to a retrospective dietary interview with answers to a dietary questionnaire which was filled out before any diagnostic procedures for breast cancer were undertaken.
The source population was all women aged 40-74 in two counties in Sweden invited to mammographic screening and asked to fill out a questionnaire before the screening.
Cases and controls were subsequently defined-matched on age, county of residence, and time of mammography - and approached for an interview.
In all, 265 cases and 431 controls participated in the study.
Means of monthly frequencies differed between the questionnaire and the interview for both cases and controls to a similar degree in all food groups.
The percentage of agreement in the questionnaire's and the interview's classifications of study subjects into quartiles of monthly intake varied between 31% and 57%. Kappa statistics in all food groups were below 0.41.
These measures of agreement did not differ between cases and controls.
The confidence intervals for odds ratios of breast cancer risk obtained from the two measurements overlapped for all food groups.
In a regression analysis, case subjects with low respons...
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Méthodologie, Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire, Nutrition, Consommation alimentaire, Rappel, Femme, Comportement alimentaire, Mammographie, Radiodiagnostic, Biais, Etude cas témoin, Homme, Glande mammaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Methodology, Malignant tumor, Mammary gland, Nutrition, Food intake, Recall, Woman, Feeding behavior, Mammography, Radiodiagnosis, Case control study, Human, Mammary gland diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0244440
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 199608.