The Rönnskär smelter in Skelleftea, Sweden, produces significant environmental pollutants, such as lead, arsenic, copper, cadmium and sulphur dioxide.
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether children born to women living near the smelter during pregnancy had an increased risk of childhood cancer.
The study group consisted of children born between 1961 and 1990 in the municipality of Skelleftea and parish of Holmsund.
Through linkage to the Swedish Cancer Registry cancer diagnoses in the study group were obtained and compared with the expected ones based on the national incidence rates.
Thirteen cases of childhood cancer were identified among children born in the vicinity of the smelter against 6.7 expected (SIR 195,95% CI 88-300).
Among distant born the observed number of cases (n=42) was similar to that expected (n=41.8).
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Epidémiologie, Hodgkin maladie, Leucémie, Facteur risque, Incidence, Fusion minerai, Polluant, Pollution, Exposition, Prénatal, Suède, Europe, Enfant, Homme, Hémopathie maligne, Lymphoprolifératif syndrome, Lymphome
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Epidemiology, Hodgkin disease, Leukemia, Risk factor, Incidence, Smelting, Pollutant, Pollution, Exposure, Prenatal, Sweden, Europe, Child, Human, Malignant hemopathy, Lymphoproliferative syndrome, Lymphoma
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0239970
Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 199608.