To analyze the status of the teaching of critical care at the postgraduate and undergraduate levels in Europe.
Two types of questionnaires were sent in order to collect data.
The first questionnaire was sent to the heads of the intensive care units (ICUs) of at least five of the major hospitals in each western country of the European Region of the World Health Organization and to the people responsible for specialist training in the Eastern countries.
Countries in the former USSR and former Yugoslavia were excluded ; 50 questionnaires (of 105) were returned.
The second questionnaire was sent to the 374 medical schools in the European Region ; 253 were returned although only 185 were selected for this article.
Postgraduate and undergraduate training differ widely in terms of the content of, and disciplines in charge of, the teaching of critical care.
Even countries of the World Health Organization's European Region, where critical care is a recognized clinical specialty, do not have an academic discipline of critical care.
This lack of an established academic discipline of critical care contributes to the diversity in teaching critical care in medical schools in the countries we studied.
Postgraduate training is more formally regulated, and objectives and guidelines have been established in many countries.
The topics in medical schools that correspond to critical care medicine do not encompass a distinct body of knowledg...
Mots-clés Pascal : Europe, Enseignement, Etat critique, Soin, Réanimation, Formation professionnelle, Questionnaire, Programme enseignement, Université, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Europe, Teaching, Critical state, Care, Resuscitation, Occupational training, Questionnaire, Educational program, University, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0238355
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 199608.