A case-control study of lactation and cancer of the breast.
We have examined the relation of lactation, by total duration, with breast cancer risk among pre-and post-menopausal women.
In a hospital-based case control study conducted in Athens (1989-91), involving 820 patients with confirmed breast cancer and 795 orthopaedic patient controls and 753 hospital visitor controls, logistic regression was used to analyse the data controlling for demographic, nutritional and reproductive factors, including parity and age at any birth.
Among post-menopausal women, there was no association between breastfeeding and breast cancer risk, but among premenopausal women those who had breastfed for =24 months had an odds ratio of 0.50 (95% confidence interval 0.23-1.41).
A reduction of the odds ratio was also evident among premenopausal women who had breastfed between 12 and 23 months (odds ratio 0.70 ; 95% confidence interval 0.34 1.60).
In conjunction with several other recent reports these results support the hypothesis that breastfeeding of prolonged duration may reduce the risk of breast cancer among premenopausal women but not among post-menopausal women.
The biology underlying this different effect remains unknown, and the practical implication of the finding is of marginal importance.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire, Lactation, Facteur risque, Protection, Grèce, Europe, Epidémiologie, Homme, Glande mammaire pathologie, Etude cas témoin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Mammary gland, Lactation, Risk factor, Protection, Greece, Europe, Epidemiology, Human, Mammary gland diseases, Case control study
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0238063
Code Inist : 002B20E02. Création : 199608.