Due to affluence and a sedentary life style a great deal of people in the western countries are affected by coronary heart disease (CHD).
The relation between CHD and certain risk factors pertaining to life style is evaluated in this study.
A primary purpose is to study certain crucial risk factors for women.
The main variables are age, smoking, overweight (measured by BMI), blood pressure and exercise.
This prospective study is based on self-reported data from the nation-wide Swedish Level of Living Survey and on data from the national Cause of Death Register.
The data were analysed separately by sex using a proportional hazards model.
The sample was divided into two strata : those with heart disease and/or diabetes initially, and all the rest.
A sample of 2546 men and 2760 women between 45 and 74 years of age was followed from 1980 to the end of 1990.
During this period 189 men and 75 women died of coronary heart disease (CHD).
It was found that high blood pressure raised the relative risk (RR) of death from CHD by almost 60% in both men and women.
Male smokers (>14 cigarettes a day) had about 60% (significant) and female smokers (>10 cigarettes a day) 150% (significant) excessive mortality from CHD.
Different levels of overweight among women were strongly related to excess mortality from CHD, ranging between 100 and 300%. Among men there was no such relation.
Lack of physical activity showed only a weak (non-significant) increased risk of death due to C...
Mots-clés Pascal : Cardiopathie coronaire, Mortalité, Homme, Diabète, Facteur risque, Obésité, Exercice physique, Pression sanguine, Mode de vie, Suède, Europe, Etat nutritionnel, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Endocrinopathie, Trouble nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Coronary heart disease, Mortality, Human, Diabetes mellitus, Risk factor, Obesity, Physical exercise, Blood pressure, Life habit, Sweden, Europe, Nutritional status, Cardiovascular disease, Endocrinopathy, Nutrition disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0236977
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 199608.