Breast-feeding in Iceland : Predictive factors and effects of interventive measures.
The aim of this study was to analyse how long babies born in Akureyri district in 1990 were breast-fed, compared with babies born in 1985.
Possible predictive factors for the length of breast-feeding were studied by univariate and multivariate analyses.
From 1985 to 1990, the proportion of infants exclusively breast-fed at the age of 3 months increased from 57% to 70% (p<0.01) and for those breast-fed exclusively or partially, from 67% to 83% (p<0.01).
By 1990,64% of all babies were breast-fed at the age of 6 months, compared with 43% in 1985 (p<0.01).
The factor with the strongest correlation with a long breast-feeding period was a well educated father.
Other factors correlated with the duration of breast-feeding were the mother's age, number of previous children, attending a maternity course, and being a non-smoker.
It is concluded that real beneficial changes regarding the duration of breast-feeding in Iceland have been observed during the last decade, but the objectives of the preventive measures recommended by health authorities have not yet been reached.
Mots-clés Pascal : Allaitement, Epidémiologie, Islande, Iles Atlantiques, Durée, Prédiction, Nourrisson, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Breast feeding, Epidemiology, Iceland, Atlantic Ocean Islands, Duration, Prediction, Infant, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0236976
Code Inist : 002B20G01. Création : 199608.