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  1. Effects on birthweights of maternal education, socio-economic status, and work-related characteristics.

    Article - En anglais

    Birthweights of 3,451 infants of women registered for antenatal care in Uppsala County, Sweden, were analyzed using three different maternal socio-economic indicators ; education, socio-economic status and work environment exposure characteristics.

    Other explanatory variables were maternal age, parity, height, smoking habits, and length of gestation.

    Mean birthweights increase with longer education and higher socio-economic status.

    No general pattern was seen for work environment characteristics.

    When smoking habits are controlled for, social differences in birthweight decrease to non-significant values.

    A regression model with a socio-economic indicator alone explains only a minor part, less than 1%, of the variation in birthweight.

    When smoking is included, adding a socio-economic indicator does not significantly improve the model.

    Practically all social differences in birthweight are related to the differences in maternal age, parity, height, and smoking habits.

    If a socio-economic indicator is to be included in the analysis of birthweights (for other reasons like international comparisons), we recommend education.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Poids naissance, Nourrisson, Homme, Epidémiologie, Niveau étude, Mère, Statut socioéconomique, Exposition professionnelle, Analyse régression, Suède, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Birth weight, Infant, Human, Epidemiology, Education level, Mother, Socioeconomic status, Occupational exposure, Regression analysis, Sweden, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0236975

    Code Inist : 002B20G03. Création : 199608.