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  1. Availability of over-the-counter drugs for arthritis in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

    Article - En anglais

    Seventy pharmacies located in Sao Paulo were randomly selected and visited.

    Seven researchers posed as ordinary clients presenting with a standardized complaint of symptoms according to a scenario previously defined.

    The client asked for medicines to relieve his/her pain or discomfort.

    After the seller's suggestion the client asked for 2 drugs randomly selected from a drug list containing 30 trademarked drugs commonly prescribed to arthritis patients.

    These drugs should be available only on prescription.

    In only 12.8% of the pharmacies did the seller initially suggest the client see a physician.

    The sellers'prescribed'non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), vitamins, analgesics (AN) and corticosteroids (CO) in respectively 42.8,20.0,14.3 and 5.7% of the visits.

    From the drug list, the client secured 67.7% of the NSAID, 65.0% of the CO and 20.0% of the sedatives without presenting a prescription.

    Pharmacy sellers usually comply with the clients demands.

    Future studies should aim at the evaluation of interventions to reduce the availability of the over-the-counter drugs for arthritis.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Arthrite, Analgésique, Antiinflammatoire non stéroïde, Corticostéroïde, Vitamine, Médicament, Utilisation, Accessibilité, Automédication, Brésil, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Homme, Vente libre, Pharmacie officine

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Arthritis, Analgesic, Non steroidal antiinflammatory agent, Corticosteroid, Vitamin, Drug, Use, Accessibility, Self prescription, Brazil, South America, America, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0236320

    Code Inist : 002B02B05. Création : 199608.