Seventy pharmacies located in Sao Paulo were randomly selected and visited.
Seven researchers posed as ordinary clients presenting with a standardized complaint of symptoms according to a scenario previously defined.
The client asked for medicines to relieve his/her pain or discomfort.
After the seller's suggestion the client asked for 2 drugs randomly selected from a drug list containing 30 trademarked drugs commonly prescribed to arthritis patients.
These drugs should be available only on prescription.
In only 12.8% of the pharmacies did the seller initially suggest the client see a physician.
The sellers'prescribed'non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), vitamins, analgesics (AN) and corticosteroids (CO) in respectively 42.8,20.0,14.3 and 5.7% of the visits.
From the drug list, the client secured 67.7% of the NSAID, 65.0% of the CO and 20.0% of the sedatives without presenting a prescription.
Pharmacy sellers usually comply with the clients demands.
Future studies should aim at the evaluation of interventions to reduce the availability of the over-the-counter drugs for arthritis.
Mots-clés Pascal : Arthrite, Analgésique, Antiinflammatoire non stéroïde, Corticostéroïde, Vitamine, Médicament, Utilisation, Accessibilité, Automédication, Brésil, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Homme, Vente libre, Pharmacie officine
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Arthritis, Analgesic, Non steroidal antiinflammatory agent, Corticosteroid, Vitamin, Drug, Use, Accessibility, Self prescription, Brazil, South America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0236320
Code Inist : 002B02B05. Création : 199608.