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  1. Musculoskeletal pain and smoking in Norway.

    Article - En anglais


    To examine the association between musculoskeletal pain and smoking.


    Cross sectional, national interview survey.


    All individuals in a representative sample of households in Norway in 1985.


    A total of 6681 persons aged 16 to 66 years old.

    People in institutions were not included.

    Outcome measures

    Gender specific and age specific prevalence rates for pain in the cervical regionlupper limbs, back, and lower limbs.


    Current smoking was independently associated with musculoskeletal pain (odds ratio (OR) 1.69 ; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.45,1.97) after adjustment for gender, age, comorbidity, mental distress, lifestyle factors, and occupation related factors.

    The association was of similar strength regarding cervical/upper limb pain (OR 1.87 ; CI 1.56,2.25) and back pain (OR 1.84 ; CI 1.50,2.25) but weaker in respect of lower limb pain (OR 1.37 ; CI 1.10,1.71).

    Musculoskeletal pain was often present in more than one site.


    Smoking was significantly associated with musculoskeletal pain after adjustment for other relevant factors.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Toxicité, Douleur, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Homme, Epidémiologie, Norvège, Europe, Cou, Membre supérieur, Membre inférieur, Rachis

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Toxicity, Pain, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Human, Epidemiology, Norway, Europe, Neck, Upper limb, Lower limb, Spine

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0233480

    Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 199608.