Chronic use of anti-anxiety and sedative drugs and of benzodiazepines in particular is much more prevalent in Belgium than in other countries of Europe and the United States.
To gain insight in the prevalence and determinants of use of benzodiazepines in the province of East-Flanders, a survey was conducted in a representative sample of 1 455 adult inhabitants.
Almost 19% of all respondents had used benzodiazepines in the year before the survey.
Nine percent of the sample consisted of chronic continuous users, i.c. people who had been taking benzodiazepines at least three days per week during a period of six weeks or more.
The number of women using benzodiazepines on a chronic continuous base was more than double the number of men.
However, sex no longer remained a significant predictor of chronic continuous use when other sociodemographic characteristics were considered simultaneously through a logistic regression analysis.
Besides an increasing age and non-employment, the experiencing of more physical and psychological discomfort and the consumption of other medications were significant predictors of chronic continuous use.
Insight in the medical condition of chronic continuous users is desirable to get a more differentiating view about their health.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tranquillisant, Sédatif, Benzodiazépine dérivé, Utilisation, Epidémiologie, Homme, Sexe, Belgique, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tranquillizer, Sedative, Benzodiazepine derivatives, Use, Epidemiology, Human, Sex, Belgium, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0229407
Code Inist : 002B02B03. Création : 199608.