A sample of 275 undergraduate subjects reported (i) their history of sexual and physical abuse in childhood and (ii) their health care utilization, somatization, and hypochondriasis as an adult.
Physical and sexual abuse were recalled by largely separate groups, physical abuse predominating in males and sexual abuse in females.
Both types of abuse were followed by a greater number of hospital admissions and surgical procedures in adulthood.
Although sexual, and especially physical, abuse were associated with recall of emotionally disturbed parenting, this could not explain their influence on health care utilization because this was unrelated to parenting.
Similarly, although abuse was followed by greater somatization and hypochondriasis, these also were unrelated to health care utilization.
Physical and sexual abuse in childhood are risk factors, independent of their association with poor parenting, in the development of separate aspects of adult illness behavior.
Mots-clés Pascal : Abus sexuel, Enfant maltraité, Victimologie, Antécédent, Expérience infantile, Adulte, Homme, Comportement, Santé, Hypochondrie, Trouble somatoforme, Utilisation, Service santé, Hospitalisation, Facteur risque, Somatisation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexual abuse, Child abuse, Victimology, Antecedent, Infantile experience, Adult, Human, Behavior, Health, Hypochondria, Somatoform disorder, Use, Health service, Hospitalization, Risk factor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0227109
Code Inist : 002B18F02. Création : 199608.