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  1. Evaluation of the effectiveness of a pavement stencil in promoting safe behavior among elementary school children boarding school buses.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    The majority of school busrelated fatalities among children attending elementary school in the United States occur as children board or alight from buses.

    Injuries occur during boarding when children enter the street and are struck by buses or other vehicles.

    This study evaluated the effectiveness of a stencil in the shape of a school bus applied to the pavement at a bus stop in improving safe behaviors at bus stops.

    Specifically, we assessed the frequency of children running toward the bus as it approached or entered the street.

    Methods

    Elementary school bus stops with similar roadways, traffic profiles, and numbers of children boarding participated in the study.

    Stops were randomly assigned to an intervention group, in which children were instructed to remain within a safe area during boarding that was demarcated by a pavement stencil, or an education-only group, in which the safe area was demarcated by some existing environmental feature.

    Both groups received education about safe boarding procedures.

    Observers rated behavior at each stop daily for 5 consecutive weeks.

    Data were analyzed as bivariate odds of any unsafe behavior in the education-only group.

    Results

    One hundred forty-five observations from seven bus stops with stencils and 174 daily observations from six education-only stops were completed.

    Observations of children in the education-only group were twice as likely to show unsafe behavior while waiting (odds ratio [OR], 2.1 ; 95...

    Mots-clés Pascal : Accident circulation, Programme éducatif, Arrêt autobus, Apprentissage intellectuel, Education, Prévention accident, Etats Unis, Prévention, Enfant, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Traffic accident, Educational schedule, Bus stop, Intellectual learning, Education, Accident prevention, United States, Prevention, Child, North America, America, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0226326

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 199608.