Annual Meeting of the Ambulatory Pediatric Association. Seattle, WA USA, 1994/05.
To determine the adequacy of evaluations of family preservation services (FPS), which are designed to support families and prevent out-of-home placements of children at risk of abuse or neglect, and to assess the effectiveness of FPS at reducing out-of-home placements of children.
References published from 1977 to 1993 were identified from a computerized search of databases for English-language publications using the key phrases « family preservation, » « child abuse, » and « family-based services. » Unpublished references were identified by mail or phone from a listing of more than 200 programs in a national directory.
Of 802 references initially identified, 46 program evaluations were reviewed.
Ten studies met the following inclusion criteria : (1) evaluated an intensive family preservation program, (2) included outcome data in the report, and (3) used a comparison group.
Five were randomized trials, and 5 were quasi-experimental studies (nonrandomized).
Descriptive information about the programs and evaluations was collected.
To determine methodological quality, two independent raters used a 15-item questionnaire to examine the assignment of families to treatment groups, the interventions provided, and the outcomes assessed.
A composite score of 11 or greater represented an acceptable study, 6 to 10 represented an adequate study, and 5 or less represented an unacceptable study.
Mots-clés Pascal : Milieu familial, Evaluation, Enfant maltraité, Placement familial, Programme social, Etats Unis, Prévention, Enfant, Synthèse bibliographique, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Family environment, Evaluation, Child abuse, Foster care placement, Social program, United States, Prevention, Child, Bibliographic survey, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0224991
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 199608.