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  1. Regional differences in alcohol and fatal injury : A comparison of data from two county coroners.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    While alcohol has been found to be associated with fatal injury, this association may vary in different regions of the United States where drinking pattems and problems are known to vary.

    The purpose of this study was to analyze alcohol in injury fatalities in a « dry » area of the country (Hinds County, Miss.) compared to a « wet » area (Contra Costa County, Calif.). Method :

    • Data on all unnatural causes of death during a 1-year period among those 18 years and older were abstracted from county coroner records in Hinds County,

    • Miss. (n=222) and Contra Costa County,

    • Calif. (n=304).

    Results 

    Across all causes of death, those in Hinds County were more likely to be alcohol-involved (57%) compared to those in Contra Costa (40%). Those in Hinds County were twice as likely as those in Contra Costa to have died from homicide (32% vs 17%), but the proportion of homicides which was alcohol positive did not differ between the two regions (51% vs 46%). Using logistic regression, gender (male) and region (South) were predictive of a positive blood alcohol concentration across all causes of fatality combined.

    Age (younger) and ethnicity (black) were predictive of homicide.

    Ethnicity (non-black), a negative blood alcohol concentration and a positive drug screen were predictive of suicide, while age (younger), ethnicity (non-black), a positive blood alcohol concentration and a negative drug screen were predictive of motor vehicle accidents.

    Conclusions 

    These da...

    Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Complication, Accident circulation, Conduite véhicule, Etude comparative, Variation géographique, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Mississippi, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Complication, Traffic accident, Vehicle driving, Comparative study, Geographical variation, California, United States, North America, America, Mississippi, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0223987

    Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 199608.