Iodine deficiency is a problem for almost all countries of the world.
Goiter is its most obvious consequence, but others do more damage, particularly effects on the developing brain.
In 1990, most countries and international agencies pledged the virtual elimination of iodine deficiency by the year 2000.
The technology for the assessment and implementation is sufficient to attain this goal, but translating its potential into success requires careful planning.
This article reviews seven major errors that frequently occur in iodine supplementation programs and offers suggestions for their avoidance.
They are 1) unreliable assessment of iodine deficiency : the best indicators are urinary iodine concentration, thyroid size (preferably by ultrasound), blood spot thyroglobulin levels, and neonatal TSH determinations ; the best group for surveys is schoolchildren ; 2) poor iodine supplementation plan : iodized salt is the preferred supplement ; its effective application frequently requires extensive changes in salt production and marketing, and poor handling of these changes will endanger the iodization program ; other measures include iodized oil, iodized water, and iodine drops ; all are occasionally useful, but the long range solution should generally be iodized salt ; 3) exclusion of relevant stake-holders : the program should include not only health authorities but other arms of the government as well (education, commerce, agriculture, and standards), the sal...
Mots-clés Pascal : Déficit, Iode, Endémie, Goitre, Prévention, Traitement, Sel, Education, Article synthèse, Homme, Métabolisme pathologie, Endocrinopathie, Thyroïde pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Deficiency, Iodine, Endemy, Goiter, Prevention, Treatment, Salt, Education, Review, Human, Metabolic diseases, Endocrinopathy, Thyroid diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0223877
Code Inist : 002B22C. Création : 199608.