The European Union spends about 1000m ecu (£800m, £1240m) a year subsidising tobacco production but only about 1.55m ecu (£1.2m, $1.85 m) on smoking prevention.
The subsidies, part of the common agriculutral policy, were originally intended to encourage farmers to grow commercially valued varieties of tobacco and thus reduce imports.
But they also aimed to guarantee farmers'income, a goal in direct conflict with the first.
The policy has failed to adapt production to demand or reduce imports, since most tobacco grown in the union has little commercial value.
Reforms introduced in 1992 have had a limited impact on expenditure, and data produced as a result of the reforms show that it would be much cheaper to give farmers direct income support than to subsidise them growing tobacco.
Tobacco subsidies should be abolished and more should be spent on smoking prevention.
Mots-clés Pascal : Agriculture, Tabac, Plante, Subvention, Union européenne, Prévention, Tabagisme, Attitude, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Agriculture, Tobacco, Plant, Subsidy, European Union, Prevention, Tobacco smoking, Attitude, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0223095
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 199608.