Biological diversity, indigenous knowledge, drug discovery and intellectual property rights : creating reciprocity and maintaining relationships.
American Society of Pharmacognosy. Interim Annual Meeting - Intellectuel Property Rights, Naturally Derived Bioactive Compounds and Resource Conservation. International Symposium. San Jose CRI ; San Jose CRI, 1994/10/20.
When new plant-derived therapeutics based on indigenous knowledge are being explored, it is important that the pharmaceutical companies return benefits to the native populations and the local governments from which the research material was obtained.
When a potentially marketable plant product is being developed, it is essential that equitable agreements have already been established between the pharmaceutical companies and the people and/or countries from which this indigenous knowledge was acquired.
Equally important is the commitment to provide immediate reciprocity that will enhance the welfare, the biocultural diversity and the well-being of the forest peoples.
These measures should commence when a research project begins and continue during its duration.
The development of these measures must be based upon the expressed needs of the indigenous communities.
The relationship between the stability of the rain forest biocultural diversity, the creation and development of agro-forest resources and the long term benefits to the forest people is highlighted.
Examples of initiatives taken by Shaman Pharmaceuticals Inc. and the Healing Forest Conservancy are described and discussed in the context of exploring appropriate use of intellectual property law to address the ethical issues facing all business and research groups working in the tropics.
Mots-clés Pascal : Plante médicinale, Origine végétale, Médecine traditionnelle, Découverte, Médicament, Propriété intellectuelle, Réciprocité, Diversité biologique, Partage ressource, Pharmacognosie, Produit naturel
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Medicinal plant, Plant origin, Folk medicine, Discoveries, Drug, Intellectual property, Reciprocity, Biodiversity, Resource sharing, Pharmacognosy, Natural product
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0220182
Code Inist : 002B02A04. Création : 199608.