Epidemiologie des Gebrauchs von Psychopharmaka in Altenheimen.
Traduction en anglais : Epidemiology of psychotropic drugs use in homes for the elderly.
Cross-sectional studies conducted in 1988 and 1992 using identical assessment methods also determined the prevalence of psychotropic drug consumption by the residents of homes for the elderly in the city of Mannheim.
Another purpose of the studies was to find out the extent of a possible interrelation between treatment with psychotropics on the one hand and sociodemographic characteristics and behaviour problems of the residents on the other.
In addition, in all consecutive new admissions to the homes not only the prevalence of consumption of psychotropics was investigated, but also the question to what extent the use of psychotropic drugs increases the mortality rate.
In a total of 12 Mannheim old-age homes each in 1988 (n=542) and 1992 (n=497) all the residents older than 65 years of age were investigated.
Between 1986 and 1988 all consecutive admissions (n=239) to Mannheim old-age homes were interviewed and the mortality risk determined in a subsequent investigation in 1992.
Taking a period of four weeks as reference period, 42.1% of the residents were treated during that period with psychotropics in 1988, of which 13.3% received neuroleptics, 11.7% hypnotics, 8.9% antidepressants and 13.0% tranquilizers.
There were considerable variations between the individual homes in respect of the intake of psychotropics (minimum 18,2%, maximum 58.3%). In 1992 the prevalence of the use of psychotropics rose to 47.6%, the increase being mainly due to neuroleptics (2...
Mots-clés Pascal : Psychotrope, Utilisation, Epidémiologie, Etablissement troisième âge, Vieillard, Homme, Prévalence, Démographie, Allemagne, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Psychotropic, Use, Epidemiology, Homes for the aged, Elderly, Human, Prevalence, Demography, Germany, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0220026
Code Inist : 002B02B11. Création : 199608.