Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy in US men (more than 165,000 cases per annum) and occurs substantially more frequently in blacks than in whites.
The causes of this disease are, however, poorly understood.
Alcohol consumption, which has been clearly related to malignancies of the upper aerodigestive tract, may also increase risk of cancer at other sites, including the prostate.
The authors investigated alcohol use as a risk factor for prostate cancer among US blacks and whites.
A population-based, case-control study was carried out among 981 men (479 blacks and 502 whites) with pathologically confirmed prostate cancer diagnosed between August 1,1986, and April 30,1989, and 1,315 controls (594 blacks and 721 whites) who resided in Atlanta, Georgia ; Detroit, Michigan ; and 10 counties in New Jersey, geographic areas covered by three population-based cancer registries.
In-person interviews elicited information on alcohol use and other factors possibly related to prostate cancer.
Compared with never-users, risk for prostate cancer increased with amount of alcohol drunk (khi2trend, P<0.001), with significantly elevated risks seen for those who had 22-56 drinks per week (odds ratio=1.4 ; 95% confidence interval 1.0-1.8) and 57 or more drinks per week (odds ratio=1.9 ; 95% confidence interval 1.3-2.7).
The finding was consistent among blacks (khi2trend, p<0.01) and whites (K2trend, P<0.05), and among young and old subjects ; it was not restricted to...
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Ethanol, Toxicité, Tumeur maligne, Prostate, Homme, Race, Négroïde, Caucasoïde, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil génital mâle pathologie, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Prostate pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Ethanol, Toxicity, Malignant tumor, Prostate, Human, Race, Negroid, Caucasoid, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Male genital diseases, Urinary system disease, Prostate disease
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0218161
Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 199608.