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  1. A randomized, controlled effectiveness trial of an AIDS prevention program for low-income African-American youths.

    Article - En anglais


    Some interventions to reduce the risk of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) that target youths have resulted in short-term increases in self-reported condom use.

    However, long-term intervention effects have not been assessed.

    Study Question 

    Can a theoretically and culturally based, AIDS-risk reduction intervention delivered to naturally formed peer groups increase self-reported condom use among African-American early adolescents at 6 and 12 months of follow-up ?


    A randomized, controlled trial of a community-based intervention delivered in eight weekly sessions involved 76 naturally formed peer groups consisting of 383 (206 intervention and 177 control) African-American youths 9 to 15 years of age.

    A theory-based, culturally and developmentally tailored instrument that assessed perceptions, intentions, and self-reported sexual behaviors was administered to all subjects at baseline (preintervention) and 6 and 12 months later.


    At baseline, 36% of youths were sexually experienced, and by 12 months of follow-up, 49% were sexually experienced.

    Self-reported condom use rates were significantly higher among intervention than control youths (85% vs 61% ; P<. 05) at the 6-month follow-up.

    However, by 12 months, rates were no longer significantly higher among intervention youths.

    The intervention impact at 6 months was especially strong among boys (85% vs 57% ; P<. 05) and among early teens (13 to 15 years old) (95% vs 60...

    Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Utilisation, Condom, Intervention, Comportement sexuel, Perception, Intention, Revenu, Prévention, Enfant, Adolescent, Noir américain, Faible, Virose, Infection, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Use, Condom, Operation, Sexual behavior, Perception, Intention, Tempering, Prevention, Child, Adolescent, Black American, Low, Viral disease, Infection, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0217016

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 199608.