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  1. Pediatric injury hospitalization in hispanic children and non-hispanic white children in Southern California.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To compare the incidence and causes of injury requiring hospitalization or resulting in death or both between Hispanic children and non-Hispanic white children.

    Design 

    Population-based surveillance of children younger than 15 years residing in eight Orange County cities and communities who were hospitalized or died of injuries sustained during 1991 and 1992.

    Setting 

    Eight hospitals and the coroner's office in central Orange County, California.

    Participants 

    Study population was 213 906 children residing in the study area.

    Forty-nine percent were Hispanic, 37% were non-Hispanic white, 12% were Asian or Pacific Islander, and 3% were of other racial origin.

    Results 

    A total of 1361 severe injuries were identified (crude annual rate was 318 per 100 000 population).

    The crude incidence rate ratio comparing Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites was 1.82.

    After adjustment for census block group, Hispanic children had a 60% higher injury rate and incidence rate ratios of more than 2 for pedestrian injuries, asphyxia, aspirations, foreign-body ingestions, and poisonings.

    Conclusions 

    Hispanic children had higher injury rates than non-Hispanic white children, even when controlling for census block group.

    These rate differences may be related to differences in exposure to various causes of injury, injury prevention practices, parenting practices, family size, and language.

    Injury rate differences by ethnicity that address specific injury hazards must b...

    Mots-clés Pascal : Hospitalisation, Blessure, Asphyxie, Corps étranger, Bronche, Estomac, Intoxication, Traumatisme, Piéton, Chute, Bicyclette, Véhicule à moteur, Espagnol, Incidence, Cause, Enfant, Californie, Origine ethnique, Race, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronche pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Estomac pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospitalization, Injury, Asphyxia, Foreign body, Bronchus, Stomach, Poisoning, Trauma, Pedestrian, Fall, Bicycle, Motor vehicle, Spanish, Incidence, Cause, Child, California, Ethnic origin, Race, Human, United States, North America, America, Respiratory disease, Bronchus disease, Digestive diseases, Gastric disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0215586

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 199608.