Prevention and early detection strategies for melanoma and skin cancer.
Skin cancer represents an increasingly urgent worldwide public health problem. 1 Estimates project almost a million (or more) new cases each year in the United States ; this number is roughly equal to that of all other cancers combined. 2 The incidence of cutaneous melanoma, which is mounting faster than that of any other cancer in white persons, nearly doubled from 1973 to 1990 ; in addition, the rise in melanoma mortality rates in white persons ranks second only to lung cancer. 3 While the overall 5-year melanoma survival rates in the United States rose from 49% (in the early 1950s) to 82% (in the early 1990s), death rates more than doubled during the same time ; these rates were driven up by the rising incidence. 1,4 This year in the United States, melanoma will strike 34 000 persons and kill 7200-part of an estimated 90 000 cases diagnosed worldwide. 5,6 Despite exciting advances in innovative treatment approaches (eg, immunotherapy and gene therapy), metastatic melanoma remains largely incurable. 1 Decades of research have not only crystallized an understanding of the epidemiology, risk factors, and natural history of skin cancer but also have begun to stimulate international efforts to promote its prevention and control.
In theory, the public health burden of melanoma and skin cancer could be lowered through some combination of effective primary and secondary prevention measures.
Reduction of excessive sum exposure (primary prevention) could theoreti...
Mots-clés Pascal : Mélanome malin, Tumeur maligne, Peau, Prévention, Stade précoce, Homme, Education sanitaire, Communication visuelle, Communication écrite, Enfant, Recommandation, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant melanoma, Malignant tumor, Skin, Prevention, Early stage, Human, Health education, Visual communication, Written communication, Child, Recommendation, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0213015
Code Inist : 002B08A. Création : 199608.