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  1. Occupational health and safety in the biotechnology industry : A survey of practicing professionals.

    Article - En anglais

    A survey was created to gauge how health and safety (H & S) resources are allocated in the biotechnology industry and to help understand the concerns of industry H & S professionals.

    A questionnaire was distributed to « the person most responsible for health and safety » at 34 companies ; 12 commercial firms responded.

    Nearly 68% of the work force monitored did not fall into any biohazard classification.

    Almost 80% of work involving biohazards was considered « exempt » or « BL-1 » under the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention classification system, indicating that most work was performed involving organisms of low pathogenic potential.

    H & S program development and administration is mature ; 100% of respondents report having written programs for chemical, biological, and physical hazards.

    Chemical safety programs occupied, on average, the greatest percentage of the H & S professionals'time (46%), followed by biosafety (29.6%) and physical hazards (16.4%). The person most responsible for H & S averaged 65% of work time on H & S issues, while only 25% described their full-time responsibilities as H & S related.

    Staffing levels for companies with more than about 100 technical workers approximated 1.0-1.5 full-time H & S staff equivalents per 100 technical workers.

    This figure compares favorably with levels reported in a benchmarking survey of hospitals.

    Investigation into accident rates as a measure of H & S program effectiveness suggests that the biotechnol...

    Mots-clés Pascal : Industrie, Biotechnologie, Génie génétique, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Toxicité, Homme, Accident travail, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Industry, Biotechnology, Genetic engineering, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Toxicity, Human, Occupational accident, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0204101

    Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 199608.