Increasing the use of bleach and condoms among injecting drug users in Denver : outcomes of a targeted, community-level HIV prevention program.
To evaluate the impact of an HIV risk-reduction program among injecting drug users (IDU) in Denver, Colorado.
A targeted, community-level intervention study with multiple, time-phased, cross-sectional measurements assessing HIV high-risk behaviors among IDU in intervention and comparison sites.
Neighborhoods with high IDU prevalence in Denver, Colorado (intervention site) and Long Beach, California (non-intervention comparison site).
Street-recruited IDU who had injected drugs in the previous 30 days and shared injection equipment in the previous 60 days to evaluate the use of bleach to clean injection equipment ; or had sexual intercourse in the previous 30 days, to evaluate condom use.
A prevention program in which peer volunteers were recruited and trained to distribute and discuss intervention kits that included condoms, bleach bottles and role model stories.
Main outcome measures
Multiple cross-sectional surveys were conducted in the intervention and comparison sites to assess the impact of the intervention on the consistent use of bleach before sharing injection equipment and the consistent use of condoms for vaginal intercourse with steady and occasional partners.
Between February 1991 and December 1993,1997 IDU were interviewed, 890 at the intervention site and 1107 at the comparison site.
In contrast to the comparison site, subjects from the intervention site reported signifi...
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Voie intraveineuse, Programme sanitaire, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Prévention, Colorado, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Condom, Pronostic, Désinfection, Seringue, Efficacité, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Intravenous administration, Sanitary program, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Prevention, Colorado, United States, North America, America, Condom, Prognosis, Disinfection, Syringe, Efficiency, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0204058
Code Inist : 002B03D. Création : 199608.