- To assess the value of service dogs for people with ambulatory disabilities.
- Randomized, controlled clinical trial.
- Environments of study participants.
- Forty-eight individuals with severe and chronic ambulatory disabilities requiring use of wheelchairs who were recruited from advocacy and support groups for persons with muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, traumatic brain injury, and spinal cord injury.
Participants were matched on age, sex, marital status, race, and the nature and severity of the disability in order to create 24 pairs.
Within each pair, participants were randomly assigned to either the experimental group or a wait-list control group.
- Experimental group members received trained service dogs 1 month after the study began, and subjects in the wait-list control group received dogs in month 13 of the study.
- Dependent variables evaluated were self-reported assessments of psychological well-being, internal locus of control, community integration, school attendance, part-time work status, self-esteem, marital status, living arrangements, and number of biweekly paid and unpaid assistance hours.
Data collection occurred every 6 months over a 2-year period, resulting in five data collection points for all subjects.
- Significant positive changes in all but two dependent measures were associated with the presence of a service dog both between and wi...
Mots-clés Pascal : Instabilité déplacement, Trouble moteur, Programme scientifique, Essai thérapeutique contrôlé, Evaluation, Homme, Aide handicapé, Chien, Etats Unis, Fissipedia, Carnivora, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Système nerveux pathologie, Trouble neurologique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Shifting instability, Motor system disorder, Scientific program, Controlled therapeutic trial, Evaluation, Human, Handicapped aid, Dog, United States, Fissipedia, Carnivora, Mammalia, Vertebrata, North America, America, Nervous system diseases, Neurological disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0203817
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 199608.