The Swedish International Development Authority (SIDA) first supported the National Leprosy Control Programme in India in 1978.
In 1981/82 priority was given to the implementation of multiple drug therapy (MDT), starting in two high-endemic districts, and gradually extending to a total of 19 districts in the years by 1993.
SIDA then decided to undertake a detailed evaluation of its 12-year contribution and this was carried out by an international team between November 1993 and April 1994.
In terms of epidemiological and public health impact, the main results were impressive and clear-cut ; 837,519 cases (old and newly arising) were successfully treated, with few complications and a low rate of relapse.
The voluntary reporting rate had improved significantly.
Data relating to new case detection, child and disability rates were, however, less clear and difficult to interpret.
Deficiencies were also identified in the areas of health education, community participation, gender issues, disability prevention and management, rehabilitation, operational research and assessment of cost - effectiveness.
These problems should not, however, detract from the contribution of SIDA, from 1981 onwards, in establishing the implementation of MDT in two'pilot'districts at an early and important stage in the history of the MDT programme in India.
SIDA also made significant contributions in other areas, namely pre-MDT'screening'of registers in 45 endemic districts in 1990-1993, ...
Mots-clés Pascal : Lèpre, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Lutte sanitaire, Méthodologie, Polychimiothérapie, Traitement, Evaluation, Résultat, Inde, Asie, Homme, Peau pathologie, Politique sanitaire, Chimiothérapie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Leprosy, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Sanitary control, Methodology, Polychemotherapy, Treatment, Evaluation, Result, India, Asia, Human, Skin disease, Health policy, Chemotherapy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0203695
Code Inist : 002B05B02L1. Création : 199608.