A food industry perspective on folic acid fortification.
The Ceres Forum program "Making Health Claims Work, Fortifying Policy with Science-The Case of Folate". Washington, DC USA, 1995/06/14.
The U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) has recommended that all women of childbearing years, capable of becoming pregnant, consume 400 mug folic acid/d to reduce their risk of having a neural tube defect (NTD) - affected pregnancy.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration subsequently proposed a folate fortification scheme for cereal grains, which also allowed the continued fortification of breakfast cereals at 0.1 mg per serving.
To determine the contribution of ready-to-eat breakfast cereals (RTEC) to folate intakes in women of childbearing years, data were analyzed from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's 1989-1991 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals and 1987-1988 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey.
Women consuming RTEC have higher intakes of folate than women reporting no RTEC consumption.
Recent reports indicate that most women are unaware of the PHS recommendation to consume more folate, and many health professionals are not advising women of the need to consume adequate folate during the childbearing years.
The food industry has been an effective communicator of health and nutrition messages and should be encouraged to raise awareness about the role of folate in NTDs.
Better analysis also needs to be conducted to identify women at risk of low folate intakes, so that targeted educational efforts can be made and appropriate vehicles identified for delivering folate to these women.
Mots-clés Pascal : Congrès, Article synthèse, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Politique sanitaire, Tube neural, Malformation, Prévention, Folique acide, Régime alimentaire enrichi, Céréale pour petit déjeuner, Recommandation alimentaire, Rôle professionnel, Education nutritionnelle, Agent santé, Industrie alimentaire, Vitamine, Produit céréalier, Maladie congénitale, Système nerveux pathologie, Promotion santé, Homme, Femelle, Produit alimentaire enrichi
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Congress, Review, United States, North America, America, Health policy, Neural tube, Malformation, Prevention, Folic acid, Supplemented diet, Breakfast cereals, Dietary allowance, Occupational role, Nutrition education, Health worker, Food industry, Vitamin, Cereal product, Congenital disease, Nervous system diseases, Health promotion, Human, Female, Fortified product
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0203285
Code Inist : 002B20F02. Création : 199608.