The Ceres Forum program "Making Health Claims Work, Fortifying Policy with Science-The Case of Folate". Washington, DC USA, 1995/06/14.
Research during the last 5 years has made it clear that people who do not take folic acid supplements are at increased risk for functional folate deficiency, which has been proven to cause spina bifida and anencephaly and also has been associated with an increased risk for occlusive cardiovascular disease.
The overriding folate policy issue is how to increase dramatically the folate consumption of 75% of the population who are not now consuming 0.4 mg of folic acid in a supplement.
The most expeditious way to increase consumption is through forfication of a food staple.
Public health programs are also needed to educate people about the vital importance of increased consumption of folic acid vitamin supplements and of foods rich in natural folates.
It is urgent that fortification of cereal-grain products be implemented now.
The level proposed by FDA would accomplish some prevention, but much more prevention would occur if the fortification were 2.5 times that level.
Fortification at the higher level would prevent about 1000 spina bifida and anencephaly birth defects each year and perhaps as many as 50,000 premature deaths each year from coronary disease.
Available data have not demonstrated that increasing consumption of folic acid by 0.1 to 0.25 mg of folic acid a day is harmful.
If a policy needs to be established on the assumption that people who take vitamin supplements could be harmed, a good policy option is available : require that all folic acid vit...
Mots-clés Pascal : Congrès, Article synthèse, Etats Unis, Régime alimentaire enrichi, Folique acide, Politique sanitaire, Education nutritionnelle, Aliment, Produit naturel, Prévention, Malformation, Tube neural, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Homme, Produit alimentaire enrichi, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Vitamine, Alimentation, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Maladie congénitale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Congress, Review, United States, Supplemented diet, Folic acid, Health policy, Nutrition education, Food, Natural product, Prevention, Malformation, Neural tube, Cardiovascular disease, Human, Fortified product, North America, America, Vitamin, Feeding, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Congenital disease
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0201517
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 199608.