The contribution of breakfast to mean daily energy and nutrient intakes was investigated in a sample of 7-8-year-old children recruited by letter from five Scottish schools.
After eighteen families dropped out of the study and three dietary records were discarded, the final sample numbered 136 (51%). Dietary data were collected using the 7 d weighed inventory, while a questionnaire was used to classify children into manual or non-manual social class groups.
Mean daily energy intakes were close to estimated average requirements (Department of Health, 1991), while intakes of most micronutrients were in excess of reference nutrient intakes (RNI ; Department of Health, 1991).
The most popular breakfast consumed by the children was one including a ready-to-eat breakfast cereal (RTEBC).
Differences in macronutrient content were seen between breakfasts of boys and girls, while manual-social-class children ate breakfasts which were lower in energy, NSP and certain micronutrients than those of non-manual-class children.
Breakfast contributed 14% of energy and 9-36% of micronutrient intakes to the overall diets.
Breakfasts including RTEBC contributed significantly more energy and nutrients than other types of breakfast.
Children who ate RTEBC nearly every day had overall diets which had a higher nutrient density and were lower in fat than those of children who ate RTEBC less frequently or not at all.
Intakes of most micronutrients were above the RNI in both these gr...
Mots-clés Pascal : Ecosse, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Milieu urbain, Statut socioéconomique, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Repas, Consommation alimentaire, Nutriment, Energie, Céréale pour petit déjeuner, Surveillance sanitaire, Comportement alimentaire, Alimentation, Petit déjeuner
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Scotland, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Urban environment, Socioeconomic status, Child, Human, School age, Meal, Food intake, Nutrient, Energy, Breakfast cereals, Sanitary surveillance, Feeding behavior, Feeding, Breakfast
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0199915
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 199608.